woensdag 3 juni 2009

Antisemitisme daalt in VS maar stijgt in Hongarije

Intolerantie en rechtsextremisme in Oost-Europa zijn al jaren een bron van grote zorg, en met de economische crisis dreigt het alleen maar erger te worden. Uit Rusland, Polen, Oost-Duitsland en nu ook Hongarije komen zorgwekkende berichten, die schrikbeelden van voor de 2de Wereldoorlog oproepen.
Maar ook in het westen blijft waakzaamheid geboden tegen antisemitisme en vreemdelingenhaat. Gisternacht zag ik nog de herhaling van "In Europa" over Vichi-Frankrijk met haar 'Jodenstatuut'. In dat land werd onlangs een 'antizionistische partij' opgericht, die Le Pen nog te slap vond. In Oostenrijk, het land van Jörg Haider, heeft de grootste krant (de Kronen Zeitung) al jaren antisemitische en xenofobe ondertonen, en in Turkije willen de meesten geen Joodse buren. Het stemt allemaal weinig optimistisch......

Anti-semitism: Down in US, but perhaps rising elsewhere.


According to the ADL, 'Anti-Semitic incidents in the US are declining'. But elsewhere, there are disquieting sings. Hungarian police have legitimized anti-Semitism, for example. Here's the Hungarian story in brief, first:
"Given our current situation, anti-Semitism is not just our right, but it is the duty of every Hungarian homeland lover, and we must prepare for armed battle against the Jews."

This quote appeared in a newsletter published by an organization calling itself "The trade union of Hungarian police officers prepared for action"....

... It is little wonder, given the fact that the union has signed a cooperation agreement with the radical right wing Hungarian party "Jobbik" (Movement for better Hungary) which backs and operates the extremist paramilitary movement "Hungarian Guard" and warns against the "gypsy crime" - in effect trying to terrorize Hungary's gypsy community, as well as its Jewish community or anyone else they don't like.
To anyone vaguely familiar with the history of Hungary in the 1930s, the above is worrisome, to say the least. And here is the report from the US:
The number of anti-Semitic incidents in the United States declined for the fourth consecutive year, according to statistics issued by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) on Monday.
The ADL's annual Audit of Anti-Semitic Incidents counted a total of 1,352 incidents of vandalism, harassment and physical assaults against Jewish individuals, property and community institutions in 2008, representing a seven percent decline from the 1,460 incidents reported in 2007.
The report identified 37 physical assaults on Jewish individuals, 702 incidences of anti-Semitic vandalism, and 613 cases of harassment in 2008. They included acts against high-profile Jewish community institutions and communal properties, such as the repeated vandalism of the San Francisco Holocaust Memorial, and the desecration of dozens of graves at a Jewish cemetery in Chicago with swastikas and hate group symbols.
Of the total 1,352 incidents, 42% occurred at homes, private buildings or businesses, and 23% took place in educational establishments, including public and private schools and universities.
"It is encouraging that the number of anti-Semitic incidents continues to decline, but the sheer volume of incidents reported and the violent nature of many of the physical assaults is a reminder that we cannot be complacent," said Abraham H. Foxman, ADL national director, mentioning the recent alleged terrorist bombing plot against synagogues in Riverdale, New York.
The report comprised data from 44 states and the District of Columbia, including official crime statistics as well as information provided to ADL's regional offices by victims, law enforcement officers and community leaders. The report identified criminal acts, such as vandalism, violence and threats of violence, as well as non-criminal incidents of harassment and intimidation, including hate propaganda, leafleting and verbal slurs.
Anti-Semitic incidents last peaked in 2004, when the ADL reported 1,821 incidents in the US.

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