Lies and libels have been used for many years by the Palestinian Authority to present Israel as a dangerous existential threat to the Arab and Muslim world. One of the repeating libels, that Israel is planning to conquer Arab lands, including lands in Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia – "from the Euphrates until the Nile" – was repeated this week in the PA daily Al-Ayyam.
For many years the Palestinian Authority (PA) has promoted this "Euphrates to the Nile" libel, and below PMW has cited more than 20 additional Palestinian references in recent years. As with all effective propaganda, detailed fictitious allegations are often advocated to make the lie sound credible.
The following are some of these PA fabrications:
Repeatedly presenting Israel as a country that plans to expand and destroy other countries is an integral part of Palestinian hate promotion. Palestinians are more likely to feel justified fighting and killing Israelis when it is presented as an act of self-defense. The repetition of this charge over so many years should categorize this almost as an ideology.
This week the PA presented the "Nile to the Euphrates" libel again as an principle so intrinsic to the State of Israel it is said to be written above the gates of the Knesset: "From the Euphrates until the Nile, your land oh Israel."
A video clip which has been airing on PA TV since 2001 depicts a classroom of Jewish children wearing kippot (religious skullcaps) in front of the Israeli flag, repeating after a teacher: "The Land of Israel from the Nile to the Euphrates". The video clip is shown as if were an actual classroom in an Israeli school. The child actors speak Hebrew Click here to see the video
.[PA TV, since January 31, 2001]
"In 1967, it [Israel] occupied all that was left of Palestine in addition to the larger Arab territory... before initiating the third stage, in order to make the slogan written on the top of the gates of the Knesset come true: "From the Euphrates until the Nile, your land oh Israel."
[Al-Ayyam, June 4, 2007]
"…The Zionists' aspirations are not limited to Palestine from the sea to the river, and not to Egypt and the Sha'am lands [includes parts of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Israel], extending to Iraq and Al-Medina, or from the Euphrates to the Nile … the idea of 'the greater Middle East' includes [lit: swallows] many countries in the Islamic world…"
[Al-Risalah, December 7, 2006]
Political sciences lecturer, Dr. Hamd Al-Fara claims that "Israel already realized with success its dream to be from the Nile to the Euphrates – since, currently, Israelis from the Mossad [Israeli secret service] are in Iraq, and there is an Israeli embassy in Egypt."
[PA TV, July 7, 2006]
"The Israelis think in a completely different way. They think that the problem is summarized with how to get away with the loot they looted during unusual circumstances, in the near and distant past, that is the land of Palestine they hold serves as a departure point to the [territory] between the Euphrates and the Nile."
[Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Nihad Munir Al-Rees, March 20, 2006]
Barakat Al-Fara of the PLO, former Palestinian deputy ambassador to Egypt:
"The June 67 war took place and emphasized that the Zionist enemy did not set as a goal only Palestine, but it set as a goal the Arab nation, from the ocean to the gulf, and it plans a Jewish state which will spread out from the Nile to the Euphrates…"
[PA TV, January 1, 2006]
"There is a fairy tale or a slogan of the global Zionist movement which states that the borders of Israel are from the Euphrates to the Nile. When [the settlements] were destroyed, and when the settlers were banished from the settlements, the Palestinian people, all the free people and all Arabs erased this fairy tale."
[PA TV, August 5, 2005]
"There is no escape, but to clarify to the world that our enemies, that Zionism in particular, yearn to establish their state to control the world from east to west, and not the greater state of Israel from the Euphrates to the Nile, but they stare and want to establish their state over the entire planet earth."
[PA TV, June 18, 2004]
"The Arabs and Muslims must consolidate a political-military defense strategy, in which the armed masses will participate… I emphasize the word 'defense'… for taking a defensive stance and a defensive initiative, which are meant to prevent the most dangerous and the worst [thing] of all, that is seen in the horizon, that is approaching comes from the United States, that is allowing Israel to establish the Israeli empire from the Euphrates to the Nile including the city of Medina [the second most sacred site in Islam, the burial site of the Prophet Muhammad]."
[Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, September 22, 2003]
Headline: "Why are the Palestinians committed to the Hudna [ceasefire] and the Roadmap, and the Israelis are acting as opposed to it?" by international law lecturer, Dr. Hana Isah:
"There is no doubt that the politicians in Israel are not interested in stability, and as a result, they escape from any agreement we will sign with them, since their goal is to extend their theft and their arrogant repression with all that concerns Palestine… 'The land of Israel from the Mediterranean Sea to the Euphrates, from Lebanon to the Nile.' This slogan is the basis which drives the foundation of Israel since the foundation of the Zionist movement until today, and the future."
[Al-Hayat Al'Jadida, August 10, 2003]
[Ahmad Halas Abu-Maher, Fatah secretary in the Gaza Strip] confirms the matters: "We are not only fighting for the Palestinian people. We are fighting in defense of the Arab nation and on this region, in which every people is a target for Israeli aggression. The slogan of Israel is 'from the Nile to the Euphrates,' in geographic terms. But in terms of its interests, Israel is larger than that. It extends to the entire Arab and Muslim territory. Therefore, when we are fighting and being killed in Gaza and Jenin, it is for the sake of the entire Arab nation."
[PA TV, July 29, 2002]
Abu-Karsh: "Even the Israeli flag, the blue line and the second blue line, and the Star of David in the middle, this is what is between the two rivers, that is the Nile and the Euphrates."
Abu-Sharakh: "The Zionist project still exists. They want a greater state of Israel from the Euphrates to the Nile. If it will not happen in the next 50 years, they will ask [to make it come true] within the next hundred years, until their hopes and their aspirations in establishing a greater state of Israel will be realized. And this must be understood by the Arab nation and the entire world… They [Israelis] think about the state of Israel from the Euphrates to the Nile as something that cannot be avoided. From the Euphrates to the Nile."
[PA TV, July 17, 2002]
"The Zionists are behind the plot aiming to disconnect the rivers that extend from outside the Arab homeland in, such as the Euphrates and the Nile. The Zionists stole the Palestinian water and founded projects that transferred the water from the north to southern areas. They control the southern waters and steal them, and established the settlements above the water sources."
[PA TV, March 22, 2002]
"Zionism decided in the Basel committee in 1897 that Israel will be established between the Nile and the Euphrates, and this is what Israel aspires to realize. Therefore, every piece of land that we achieve is a withdrawal from the Zionist idea."
[Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, February 11, 2002]
"The Hebrew state adopted an official flag – a blue Star of David (symbolizing the state of Israel), between two blue lines symbolizing the Nile River and the Euphrates which the Zionist movement viewed as its borders."
[Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, October 28, 2001]
"Poor Israel: Its primitive, childish dream "the land of Israel from the Nile to the Euphrates" is reduced to a flag with a Star of David and two blue lines, one of them is the Nile, in the imagination, and the other is the disappointing Euphrates. These two lines will approach inwards, and will squeeze the Star of David until it bursts. This is what it [Israel] chose for itself…"
["The Voice of Women" in Al-Ayyam, July 19, 2001]
"… All the killing is followed by an intensive bombing of the national security outposts… what does it mean if not a declaration of an encompassing war on the Palestinian people, if not the determination to realize the constant goal of Zionism, of extending the occupation territory as far as possible, from the Euphrates to the Nile…"
[Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, July 19, 2001]
Friday sermon by preacher Dr. Muhammad Madi:
"Arabs and Muslims! The Zionist slogan, the slogan of the Jews' state in Palestine – from the Nile to the Euphrates. It is written in their books and on their coins…"
[PA TV, May 4, 2001]
"The Palestinians view the Israeli flag as a symbol for the greater Jewish state that spreads out from the Nile to the Euphrates according to the Zionist dream: the two blue lines symbolize the two rivers, and the Star of David between them is the symbol of the state. The Palestinians pride themselves in their flag with the four colors, which represents the blood, the war, and the peace…"
[Al-Ayyam, May 14, 2000]
"A strategy was consolidated by some of the ones who hold a Jewish perspective, which was subsequently known as 'Zionism' aiming to establish a national homeland for the Jews in Palestine – or according to the traditional idea which sets the borders of the state of Israel from the Nile to the Euphrates."
[Al-Ayyam, February 12, 2000]
Hussein Abu-Shanab: "The map storm reminds us of the three superpowers [that emerged] in the [original] map in the 'Protocols of the Elders of Zion'… Herzl sent a furious letter to these nations and demanded they change the mandatory borders of Palestine so that they include the Litany River, that is 'from the water to the water' – [a slogan] expressed by the poster spread over the Knesset 'from the Euphrates to the Nile.' Sharon's declarations to journalists following the Palestinian-Israeli-American triple-meeting were for abolishing the process… considering that the historical homeland, according to the Zionist perspective, is from the Nile to the Euphrates…"
[Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, December 21, 1997]