maandag 2 mei 2011

Overeenkomst met Fatah is overwinning voor Hamas

Velen zijn positief over de toenadering tussen Hamas en Fatah, en hopen dat dit een Palestijnse staat - en dus vrede - dichterbij brengt. Dat is wishful thinking en ook redelijk naief. Deze toenadering komt nadat de Palestijnen (het gematigde Fatah) de onderhandelingen met Israel hebben afgebroken omdat Israel de bouwstop niet met Oost-Jeruzalem wou uitbreiden. Hoe er vrede zonder onderhandelingen kan komen, is mij niet duidelijk. Men denkt ook dat Hamas zich door de toenadering zal matigen, maar ook dat is wishful thinking. Er is niks afgesproken over erkenning van Israel en stoppen met geweld, en gezien het feit dat ook Fatah hierover op zijn best ambigu is, is de kans dat Hamas nu opeens met deze zaken in zou stemmen nihiel. Hieronder legt Khaled Abu Toameh uit waarom vooral Hamas van deze deal zal profiteren en dit dus slecht is voor vrede.


The Jerusalem Post
Analysis: Handing victory to Hamas
04/29/2011 01:03

Palestinian reconciliation deal gives terror group legitimacy, power; timing of the move could not be better for Hamas.

No matter how one looks at it, the Palestinian reconciliation deal is a victory for Hamas.

Ironically, the victory is being handed to Hamas by the two parties that until recently made tremendous efforts to delegitimize and undermine it: Fatah and Egypt.

Moreover, the timing could not have been better for Hamas. The Egyptian-sponsored deal came amid signs that Hamas was beginning to lose its grip on the Gaza Strip, as a result of the continued blockade and boycott by the international community.

Last month, thousands of Palestinian demonstrators clashed with Hamas security forces for the first time since the movement seized control over the entire Gaza Strip in the summer of 2007.

Many Palestinians, including Fatah, said that the confrontations reflected increased resentment of Hamas.

But the unity deal with Fatah will now help Hamas reassert its authority over the Gaza Strip. It will also help Hamas emerge from political isolation by turning it into a legitimate and key player in the international arena.

One of the biggest achievements for Hamas is the fact that the unity deal does not require it to relinquish control over the Gaza Strip. In fact, Hamas would be permitted to keep its security forces in the Gaza Strip, further tightening its grip on the area.

Nor does the deal require Hamas to accept the Middle East peace process or accept the two-state solution.

Hamas will be brought into the unity government as an equal partner.

Until a few days ago, Hamas and Fatah were detaining and torturing each other's supporters.

For the past three-and-a-half years, security forces loyal to Mahmoud Abbas and Salam Fayyad worked round the clock to eliminate Hamas's presence in the West Bank.

Under the terms of the reconciliation accord, Fatah will have to release all "political detainees" belonging to Hamas. This will only help Hamas regain its strength in the West Bank.

The deal also allows Hamas to run again unconditionally in elections, as was the case in the 2006 parliamentary vote. There's no guarantee that Hamas would not win again in the next elections, which are expected to take place within a year.

Hamas has been recognized as a legitimate partner and player not only by Fatah, but also by the most populous Arab country, Egypt.

The popular uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak out of office earlier this year has been nothing but a blessing for Hamas. The new Egyptian regime has since been working to improve its ties with Hamas through a series of goodwill gestures that include the reopening of the Rafah border crossing and permitting the movement to have its own "representative office" in Cairo.

Although some Palestinians remained skeptical about the prospects of the unity deal holding for a long period of time, many agreed that Hamas stood to benefit the most from the agreement.

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