NGO Monitor en andere critici wijzen erop dat een organisatie als Breaking the Silence, waar ook Nieuwsuur en diverse kranten deze week aandacht aan besteedden, een eenzijdig beeld geeft dat bovendien meestal de context van de gebeurtenissen buiten beschouwing laat (een oorlog tegen een islamitische terreurbeweging). Ook wordt erop gewezen dat het IDF incidenten onderzoekt en de schuldigen straft als iemand over de schreef blijkt te zijn gegaan. De soldaten moeten deze dan wel intern melden, in plaats van anoniem te getuigen bij een actiegroep, die daarvoor geld krijgt van o.a. het Nederlandse ICCO.
Zelf vrees ik dat de meeste getuigenissen op zich op waarheid berusten; waar oorlog wordt gevoerd, komen misdragingen voor, en ondanks richtlijnen en trainingen handelen soldaten niet altijd hoe het zou moeten. Zeker in een leger met dienstplichtingen komen goede en slechte mensen voor, zoals in de maatschappij zelf. Daarbij hoef je niet eens slecht te zijn om in een extreme situatie over de schreef te gaan.
Ik heb het rapport van Breaking the Silence niet gelezen, maar denk niet dat een representatief beeld geeft van de ervaringen van Israelische soldaten; Breaking the Silence heeft als doel om misstanden aan het licht te brengen. Wat erin staat zijn dus de ergste dingen die in de Gaza oorlog van vorige zomer misgegaan zijn (voor zover de gebeurtenissen juist worden weergegeven).
EUROPE TO BREAKING THE SILENCE: BRING US AS MANY INCRIMINATING TESTIMONIES AS POSSIBLE
NGO Monitor May 04, 2015
On May 4, 2015, the political advocacy NGO Breaking the Silence (BtS) published a booklet of testimonies concerning the Summer 2014 Gaza conflict. (As of the morning of May 4, it is only available in Hebrew.) It stands to reason that this publication is meant to support the UN’s “Schabas” investigation and bolster attempts to bring charges against Israeli officials at the International Criminal Court (ICC). As with many other BtS publications, this report lacks all credibility and objectivity. Likewise, the extensive foreign funding that Breaking the Silence receives, as well as its international political activities, highlight the problems with this publication.
Despite the NGO’s claim that its mission is to address Israeli society, BtS lobbying, media campaigns, and frequent appearances in Europe and the United States target international audiences. Next month (June 4-14), BtS activists will appear in Switzerland to present their political agenda at an event organized by supporters of pro-BDS groups.
European Funders and Their Agenda
- The publication was written with direct and indirect funding from a number of foreign governments. According to BtS, “this booklet was produced thanks to the generous contributions of: Christian Aid, Dan Church Aid, Human Rights and International Law Secretariat, Open Society Foundations, Trocaire.”
Funding for 2014 (NIS)
Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark and the Netherlands
382,953 + an emergency grant, amount unknown
Private- George Soros
- Contrary to BtS’ claim that “the contents and opinions in this booklet do not express the position of the funders,” NGO Monitor research reveals that a number of funders made their grants conditional on the NGO obtaining a minimum number of negative “testimonies.” This contradicts BtS’ declarations and thus turns it into an organization that represents its foreign donors’ interest, severely damaging the NGO’s reliability and its ability to analyze complicated combat situations.
- A screenshot of a document from 2009 (obtained from the Israeli Registrar of Non-Profits) shows how the British Embassy in Tel Aviv, the Dutch church-based aid organization ICCO (primarily funded by the Dutch government), and Oxfam Great Britain (funded by the British government) required Breaking the Silence to obtain negative testimonies (full translation available from NGO Monitor):
[Translated into English by NGO Monitor staff]
Oxfam: the company [BtS] signed an agreement with Oxfam, a British organization, to conduct interviews with “as many” soldiers as possible who will testify regarding [Israeli] “immoral actions” that violate human rights. In 2009, the British organization donated 74,595 NIS to the organization.
ICCO: the agreement obligates the company to interview at least 90 soldiers a year, to prepare testimonies of female soldiers, document everything that is happening in Hebron and publish an “encyclopedia of the occupation”. The company received 42,000 euros from the organization in 2009. The agreement is signed by both parties.
British Embassy: In this case as well, the donation is aimed at documenting and interviewing soldiers talking about the territories. The British embassy donated 271,891 NIS to the company in 2009.
- On August 2, 2014 the Human Rights and International Law Secretariat (jointly funded by Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark and the Netherlands) transferred “emergency funding” to nine NGOs, including BtS, in order to document “human rights and international humanitarian law violations during the course of Israel’s ongoing military offensive on the Gaza Strip.”
- BtS’s donors in 2013-2014 include the European Union, Misereor (Germany), Broederlijk Delen (Belgium), Norway, AECID (Spain), Dan Church Aid(Denmark), ICCO (Netherlands), CCFD (France), Human Rights and International Law Secretariat (joint funding from Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark and the Netherlands), Sigrid Rausing Trust (UK), SIVMO (Netherlands), Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Open Society Institute, and New Israel Fund.
- BtS makes sweeping accusations based on anecdotal, anonymous and unverifiable testimonies of low level soldiers. These “testimonies” lack context, ignoring the fact that during the 2014 Gaza War heavy fighting took place between Israel and terror groups in Gaza, and that soldiers faced grave danger throughout the conflict from rockets, mortar shells, and terrorists emerging from tunnels dug beneath private homes. These distortions and erasures dovetail BtS’ ideological agenda and fuel delegitmization campaigns against Israel.
- A careful reading of the testimonies reveals that IDF soldiers conducted themselves according to the norms expected of soldiers (Israeli or from other democratic countries) when faced with the challenges of high-intensity fighting. The testimonies (if indeed reliable) that portray questionable incidents should be fully investigated. In such instances, the testimony and relevant individuals should be referred to the Military Advocate General Corps, which can order an investigation to be opened. That BtS did not approach the MAG Corps raises serious questions regarding the NGO’s motives.
- BtS’ allegations that the IDF operated according to a principle of “minimum risk to our forces, even at the cost of harming innocent civilians” together with “an attempt to terrorize the Palestinians” and that “serious questions arise as to the moral norms that guide IDF operations” do not tally with the testimonies, and are nothing more than an attempt by the NGO to portray the events in line with its political agenda.
- In its introduction, BtS fails to mention that terrorist groups in Gaza launched rockets, dug tunnels, and placed almost all of their fighting positions in civilian areas in Gaza, including mosques, schools, and hospitals. Thus, the organization provides a partial portrayal of the rationale that guided the IDF. Additionally, BtS does not explain that the IDF used multiple methods of warning civilians to leave areas of fighting in a way that is above and beyond the norm among Western countries. Methods included leaflets, phone calls, and “roof knocking.”
- In many cases, the testimonies and the headlines create an impression that soldiers wanted to commit crimes. For instance, a testimony titled “I really really wanted to shoot her in the knees” actually describes how terrorist groups used civilians and animals to attack IDF troops. Another testimony mentions that the IDF attacked Wafa Hospital, but neglects to mention the terrorists operating from within the hospital.