donderdag 24 november 2011

Strijd tegen religieus extremisme en scheiding van seksen in Israel

Israel kent 4 soorten scholen die (deels) door de overheid worden gefinancierd: staatsscholen, staats-religieuze scholen, onafhankelijke Haredi scholen en Arabische scholen. Net als hier doen ouders hun kinderen deels naar religieuze scholen omdat die dicht bij huis zijn of omdat ze het belangrijk vinden dat de kinderen een religieuze basiskennis geleerd krijgen. Er zijn echter veel gradaties en vormen van religieus zijn en religieus onderwijs, en (ultra-)orthodoxe ouders willen scholen hun strenge normen opleggen, die niet worden gedeeld door de meerderheid van de andere ouders, zoals het scheiden van jongens en meisjes op school.
Een overweldigende meerderheid (zie tweede artikel hieronder) ziet in het algemeen niets in scheiding van seksen, en acht dit in strijd met het jodendom.

Israeli parents protest growing extremist bent in religious schools

Parents of some 400 children are protesting issues such as prohibition against kindergarten girls singing.

By Talila Nesher

Parents of some 400 children in the state religious school system have banded together to protest what they view as the extreme bent the system has taken.

"People are angry over the issue of women [prohibited from] singing in the IDF, but our outcry is over the prohibition against kindergarten girls singing," Ariela Miller, the mother of three children in the Orthodox state school system, told Haaretz.

"Children are habituated to rabbis being the only source of authority, much before educators. No wonder that when they come to crossroads in life, they cannot use their own judgment," Miller said.

Unlike Miller, most of the parents are afraid to reveal their names for fear of a negative impact on their children's schooling. One activist, who works for the Education Ministry, said she was summoned for a talking-to and told to stop her activities against the Education Ministry.

Another mother said that the main extremist influence was coming from organized groups of Orthodox people moving into a community with the purpose of increasing religious observance in that community. "But make no mistake, the Education Ministry is a full partner and is pushing them forward," she said.

Parents are brimming with examples of increasing extremism in state religious schools. One father who has children in Tel Aviv's Moriah school said: "On the last Memorial Day, some of the girls did not sing in the ceremony because 'it is not modest,' and they have already begun talking about the fact that at the end of the year event the fathers won't be able to see the girls perform and that there will even be separate events for boys and girls."

Another father said the school principal has no choice but to accede to the demands of the parents of the ultra-Orthodox group that has moved in, "and if an instruction is not implemented, it comes later from above - from [the Education Ministry's] supervisor."

The father added that when he complained he was told that if he did not like it, he could take his daughter to another school.

A mother from a state religious kindergarten in Kiryat Gat said that when she asked if a date had been set for the class Hanukkah party, the teacher said the event was being organized by the Orthodox residents' group, and that fathers would not be invited because "it is not modest for girls to dance and sing in the presence of the fathers, which would [also] prevent the mothers from dancing."

Classroom hours have also been changed unrecognizably, the father of a child at the Shilo school in Kiryat Ono says. When the parents first received the schedule of classes, it seemed alright, he said. "Only later did we realize that there are sacred studies disguised as secular studies: homeroom, for example, is suddenly being taught by the school rabbi, who certainly doesn't deal with civics, but rather with Jewish law."

The father said his daughter showed him a book that the school had purchased for the children, which he said was "completely ultra-Orthodox." The father said the male figures in the book were depicted with ultra-Orthodox skullcaps and sidelocks and on the page teaching about showing respect to parents "there was only a father, no mother at all."

A project to further classic Israeli literature at the Tomer kindergarten in Ramat Hasharon by subsidizing the purchase of books was scrapped last year, a parent said, after the group of Orthodox people who had moved into the community to further its religious observance said Haim Nahman Bialik and Lea Goldberg were "not modest."

A mother of a child in the Tomer kindergarten said the group of Orthodox residents "impose censorship instead of the Education Ministry" in checking the plays the school was paying for the children to see.

A parent from the Moriah school said: "One fine day they decided to separate the children on the bus: the boys in the front and the girls in the back. Recess is also taken in different yards."

Parents from Kiryat Gat said that on the first day of kindergarten they were given a flyer in which mothers were instructed "to come to the kindergarten in modest dress (skirt or dress, no pants and certainly not without sleeves )."

Before the beginning of the school year at the Morasha school in Petah Tikva, a group of parents petitioned the High Court of Justice over what they perceived as forced gender separation beginning in the first grade. "The High Court ordered the situation to remain as it is until a committee studies the issue," Idit, one of the mothers said. "But the High Court doesn't know that it is being tricked, because last year we were forced to separate them under the assumption that it was for one year, so leaving the situation as it is means continuing the separation."

The Education Ministry responded: "State religious education provides solutions to a variety of communities and the various groups studying in its framework. Discussions are underway to study the matter in all its aspects." 


91% of Jewish religious population: Gender segregation is distortion of Judaism.

According to a survey by the Smith Institute for Hiddush, 89% of the Jewish public in Israel sees recent controversies over gender segregation in the streets of Mea Shearim and on bus lines as a distortion of Judaism (42%) or extremely unnecessary (47%).

Recent news in Israel has shown extreme escalation in the exclusion of women from the public sphere. Advertisers have been bullied to take women off of their posters for fear of insulting their ultra-Orthodox clientele who believe it to be immodest, streets in ultra-Orthodox areas have been forcibly gender-segregated against the law, and female soldiers' rights have been called into question.

89% of the Jewish public in Israel sees recent controversies over gender segregation in the streets of Mea Shearim and on bus lines as a distortion of Judaism (42%) or extremely unnecessary (47%). Only 11% of the Jewish population believes that gender segregation reflects "authentic Judaism". Interestingly, 91% of the religious population who is not ultra-Orthodox sees this gender segregation as a distortion of Judaism (78%) or extremely unnecessary (13%). 35% of the ultra-Orthodox population also views this degree of segregation negatively.

The objection to this gender segregation is common to voters of all civil parties. 91% of Likud voters view gender segregated bus lines and gender segregated streets in Mea Shearim as a distortion of Judaism (46%) or extremely unnecessary (45%). This is true of 94% of Kadima voters, 95% of Israel Beiteinu voters, and 98% of Labor voters.

These numbers are according to a survey conducted by the Smith Institute for Public Opinion for Hiddush – Freedom of Religion in Israel. The research was conducted in early November 2011 with a sample of 500 people from the adult Jewish population of Israel.

The struggle of the exclusion of women in public spaces is ever-growing. CEO of Hiddush, Rabbi Uri Regev said "This survey clearly shows that there is clear opposition to trying to erase women from public spaces, advertisements, culture and entertainment in Israel. The public sees this as a perversion of Judaism, and does not want to see an extremist, archaic movement backward against the rights of women."

Regev continues "Now that former Mossad Head Efraim HaLevy has declared religious radicalism more dangerous to Israel than Iran, it is time the leaders of the major parties do what the public expects of them and establish a civil government to stop this escalation."

Shahar Ilan, Hiddush's Vice President, speaks out against gender discrimination against pictures of young girls on stickers here

Hiddush CEO Rabbi Uri Regev discusses the battle in Jerusalem to keep women visible here

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